Hematuria is the presence of red blood cells in the urine, and it is a common condition that may be indicative of other, more serious medical issues. Gross hematuria means the blood is visible to the naked eye, and microscopic hematuria refers to blood in the urine which can only be seen under a microscope. Both kinds of hematuria should be evaluated to determine the underlying cause, which then leads to the appropriate treatment.
Dr. Mark Hong can determine the cause of hematuria and offer effective treatment at our Phoenix, AZ, urological practice. Many times, the cause of hematuria is benign, but it is important to receive a prompt evaluation with a medical professional.
What Causes Hematuria?
A pinkish hue in the urine can be caused due to consumption of foods such as beetroot, as well as certain medications, but a change in urine coloration due to these factors is distinct from blood associated with medical problems. The most common medical causes of hematuria include urinary tract infections or bladder infections, viral diseases such as hepatitis, kidney stones, bladder stones, bladder or prostrate cancer, kidney infections or disease, injury to the kidneys, and benign prostate hyperplasia (in men only). The condition can also be caused by vigorous exercise or sexual activity.
Gross hematuria can be detected easily if the urine turns pinkish or reddish in color. Microscopic hematuria can only be detected during a lab analysis of the urine. Patients with gross hematuria generally do not experience any other symptoms, but if there are blood clots in the urine there may be bladder pain or pain in the back.
Gross hematuria can be detected easily if the urine turns pinkish or reddish in color. Microscopic hematuria can only be detected during a lab analysis of the urine.
Diagnosis and Treatment
When you come in for your consultation with Dr. Hong, he will examine your medical history and ask you questions about your lifestyle and activities to determine the probable cause of hematuria. After this examination, a urinalysis will be performed where your urine sample will be analyzed to determine the cause of blood in your urine. The doctor may also order a blood test to check if your kidneys are functioning properly and removing body wastes. Apart from urine and blood tests, you may need to undergo additional tests such as a computed tomography (CT) scan, kidney ultrasound, or cystoscopy (a brief camera test) to diagnose the underlying cause of the presence of blood in the urine.
Receive Effective Care
Dr. Hong is a respected urologist who has established a solid reputation of providing quality care to his patients. He has invested in the latest technology at his practice to ensure effective treatment for various urological and related conditions. Contact us to learn more about hematuria and to schedule an evaluation at our practice.